Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home <p style="text-align: justify;">Hazara Islamicus is an open access, double-blind peer reviewed bi-annual Journal published by the department of Islamic and Religious Studies Hazara University Mansehra. The Journal is dedicated to publish articles on Islamic History, Thoughts, Theology, Islamic law, and Civilization and Cultural issues. Furthermore, the Journal also encourages the authors to submit researches conducted under interdisciplinary collaboration on the important socio-Religious issues including interfaith harmony and studies in contemporary religions. The main objective of Hazara Islamicus is to promote Islamic based research through modern research techniques and social science methodologies. Furthermore, the journal also strives to address the socio, economic, political and legal issues of the globalized words through Islamic perspective in order to create viable and sustainable solutions to these issues.</p> <p class="card-text text-justify text-info"> </p> en-US editor.hazaraislamicus@gmail.com (Muhammad Ibrahim) editor.hazaraislamicus@gmail.com (Muhammad Ibrahim) Thu, 05 Aug 2021 05:32:02 -0400 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 حجیت حدیث پر اُردو میں لکھی گئی معروف کتب کا مختصر جائزہ https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/74 <p>Hadith has been accepted as an important, second and sacred source of Islamic Law. This status of the Hadith has remained unchallenged throughout the centuries. There have been many differences among Muslims in their juristic opinions but the authority of Hadith was never denied by any jurist. There are two major kinds of revelation. The revelation of the Quran is called in Islamic terminology as “الوحی المتلو” (recited revelation) and the revelation of Hadith is called “الوحی غیر المتلو” (un-recited revelation). Hadith is integral to the Quran, since they are inseparably linked to each other. It is impossible to understand the Quran without reference to Hadith. The Quran is the message and the Hadith is the explanation of the message by messenger himself. If we reject the Hadith, we may misread the Quran. So Hadith is central to a proper understanding of the Quran. Different books have written on the importance of Hadith in different languages like Arabic, Urdu and English etc. There are many books written on said topic in Urdu and the books written in other languages have translated in Urdu too. The present article deals with analytical study of some famous books written on the importance of Hadith in Urdu and translation from Arabic language nominated Urdu books.</p> Dr. Zill-e-Huma Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/74 Mon, 20 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 خدائی اور انسانی اختیارات میں اصطلاحات کے مفہوم کے اعتبار سے فرق https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/105 <p>The distinction and difference between the God and man is clear; God is the creator, the man is the created; the God is omnipotent while man is obliged to follow His commands. These disparities clearly illustrate the difference of the status of both. However, due to linguistic limitations, at times, the terms used for ownership of the two may be the same but a contextual and critical study reveals the true essence of the difference in meaning. Unlike the capitalist school of economics, Islamic school of economics emphasizes and exerts the value it holds for individual. According to Islamic jurisdiction, an individual is rightful in claiming his occupation of a certain thing. This, on the other hand, gives rise to a question of the status of ownership of man if all things are created and distributed by God. Is there a possibility that they either both can share or hold ownership rights of a single entity? The answer is affirmative, for the context in which the word/term ownership is used for Allah Almighty holds disparity against the context in which it is used for individual; that is, Allah's ownership of his creations is everlasting but that of man is temporary or short-lived. However, what is impossible is the sharing of ownership between two individual for they both share the same status. In this situation there are chances of dispute.</p> Dr. Muhammad Ishaq, Aziz Rehman Saifie Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/105 Tue, 07 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 رسول اللہﷺ کے مدنی دور میں ہونے والے سرایا اور غزوات سے حاصل ہونے والی مالی منفعت: ایک تحقیقی جائزہ https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/102 <p><sub>After performing the duty as the Messenger of Allah Almighty for 13 years in the valley of Makkah ,Muhammad(PBUH) and his followers were finally Compelled to migrate to a new community, Yathrib, that would later on famous on the city of Medina. The people of Yathrib extended that invitation as they wanted the Prophet to adjudicate their disputes. <br>The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) form of leadership was unique in Muslim history and that is why he carried out religious, legislative, and political functions along with his military status as Commander of the Muslims. Each battle introduced new rules on the Islamic conduct. <br>They will learn that Islamic rules of war evolved from the 27 battles i.e Ghazawa`at in which Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) played a direct or indirect role.<br>After the beginning of the conquests, booty , safi ,khums and fay were also added to his financial resources.Apart from this , he would have saved money . He would also arrange for the preparation of jihad from this surplus wealth. He used to spend the rest on the poor and the needy travelers etc. <br>In this study Efforts have been made to analayse t the details of all Ghazawa`at and Sara`aya followed by its financial benefits to the Holy Prophet(PBUH) as a token of reverence.&nbsp;</sub></p> Khurram Sheraz, Dr.Hafiz Salihuddin Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/102 Mon, 20 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 آزادی اظہار رائے کے متعلق بین الاقوامی قوانین و دستاویزات :توہین رسالت کے تناظر میں تحقیقی و تنقیدی جائزہ: https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/101 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>In today’s globalized era everything become very fast and advanced and through information technology it is very easy to criticize someone without realizing the fact that it may hurts someone’s emotions or religious thoughts and values.it is true that every person has a right that he or she can follow and persue any religion and any sect and also the last prophet hazrat Muhammad (p.b.u.h) who was the messenger of equality and peace he tought through his divine guidance that there is no compulsion on someone to choose to follow any religion. But keeping in mind that no one have any right to wound religious emotion of anyone. Islam thought in Quran that don’t discriminate between any of the prophets and don’t say bad things to any other prophet or religion.but nowadays it is coming to see that people specially in west are easily defaming hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) through different ways sometimes In the form of cartoons and sometimes through blasphemy, every time muslims countries start protesting against them and muslims make some demands such as to ban their products or to exile their ambassador, and the specific country give clearer answer that everyone has freedom of speech and expression and no one can be stopped from expressing their opinions as it is their basuc right. So in this article, we would explore some very famous and internationally applied documents regarding freedom of speech.we will have a look of such documents.after taking an analysis of those documents it is concluded that although these documents have told that everyone can express their opinions but without hurting someone and also they added a word of religion I those documents but it is realized that did not consider religion as a major factor while making documents. And they could not be able to define the word religion. we will also present &nbsp;cairo declaration of human rights which was presented as the result of UN declarations of human rights. It is purely based on Islamic point of view. And after that we compared both documents and we concluded that cairo declaration of human rights is much better for establishing a peaceful society. On the other hand UN and other major declarations and charters have no ability to make peace in a society.</p> Amina Kainat , Muhammad Mehrban Barvi Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/101 Tue, 28 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 سامی ادیان میں بیوہ اور مطلقہ خواتین کے معاشی حقوق کا جائزہ https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/100 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Economic problems are an unavoidable phenomenon of human life. Since woman is considered as marginalized segment of the society, widowed and divorced are treated as servant of the house or even inferior than that. History of Non-Semitic Religions reveals that woman generally, widows and divorced particularly are treated as inhuman. Same is the case with followers of Semitic Religions, as they have left no stone unturned but to deprive widowed and divorces of their economic status and rights being granted by Allah SWT. The aim of this paper is to investigate the economic status of widowed and divorced in Semitic religions only, i.e, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It is found that the Holy Torah and its commentary Talmud, Injeel and other religious authorities have declared woman as devil and source of menace, which consequently deprived them of maintenance, inheritance, and rights to Property. Contrary to Judaism and Christianity, Islam does guaranteed the economic rights of woman generally and of widowed and divorced particularly, to safeguard the welfare of both individual and family as well. It is found that unfortunately, even the followers of Islam are also making evasions to deprive the mention population from their religious and socio-economic rights, i.e, re-marry, Inheritance, maintenance and right of property etc. Therefore, it is suggested that religious scholars, government and other stake holders of the society should work together to overcome the real economic problems faced by this marginalized segment of the society.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Zia-ud-Din, Prof.Dr.Ata Rehman Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/100 Wed, 15 Dec 2021 00:00:00 -0500 علامہ شبلی نعمانی ؒ کی کتاب سیرۃ النبیﷺ کاتنقیدی جائزہ https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/108 <p>"Sirat-un-Nabi" by Allama Shibli's is a well-known book in the Prophet's biography written in Urdu language. It narrates the whole events of the life of Muhammad (PBUH) from birth to death. It sheds light on the various aspects of Prophet's life. He has described all these events in a very pleasant and scholarly manner.However, in the selection of certain events, he deviated from the opinions and views of the majority of Muslim scholars and has adopted the distinction which needs more research.This study indicates such types of events and affairs mentioned it the said book, it will help the students and scholars of Islamic Studies to distinguish between the truthful and untruthful events and identify those false trials attribute to the life of Prophet (PBUH) life.</p> Dr. Sajjad Ali, Dr. Muhammad Anwar Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/108 Wed, 15 Dec 2021 00:00:00 -0500 ملتان میں مسلم فنون لطیفہ کی روایت https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/130 <p>Muslim Fine Art is representative of the cultural and spiritual heritage of Islam. It covers a range of artistic fields including architecture, calligraphy, painting, glass, ceramics, and textiles, etc. Ancient Multan has been a renowned center of religious, social, political, and cultural activities since its inception and development into the city. There are some families in Multan who are contributing to Muslim fine art tradition for nine centuries. Along with calligraphy <em>Naqqaashi</em> and <em>Kaashigari</em> are the major fields of representation of today Multan. There are some experts who are working on camel skin for artwork. Blue pottery art has introduced Multan all over the world. Like in history Multan is still an attractive site for researchers, historians, and those who have an interest in Muslim art. The architecture of Many Mosques and shrines of the Muslim saints in Multan contains artwork of <em>Naqqaashi</em> and <em>Kaashigari</em>.In this article tradition of Muslim fine art in Multan is being discussed. We have focused on two major fields of art (<em>Naqqaashi, Kaashigari)</em> exist in Multan.</p> Talat Sultana, Yasir Arfat Awan Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/130 Wed, 15 Dec 2021 00:00:00 -0500 إشكالية الترجمة السمع بصرية بين العربية والأنجليزية https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/50 <p>The Law infiltrates every area of our lives, from accepting terms and conditions while downloading an app to withdrawing our money from an ATM, understating law language in mother tongue needs its translation, and the precise translation of legal texts has become highly momentous Therefore, translation in legal sectors and law firms is on the rise. Law language and its profession have opportunities and challenges, legal translation is a field which is essential to study in it because translators face tangible challenges while translating legal texts, legal texts create predicament and defies in translation. legal language needs experienced translators, who have a strong clutch in decoding complex legal texts.</p> <p>The paper will focus on issues and challenges in Arabic and English legal text translation. The aim of this paper is to show some legal concepts and terms which are not readily translatable into the target language. A translator is the one who finds the meeting point between the two legal languages. The paper will point out the significance of performing a specialized translation, which is one of the leading elements to be considered when discussing the language of the law, the study will investigate the characteristics of the legal writings, how the translator can translate in better quality.</p> Dr.Lubna Farah Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/50 Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0400 من أعلام الفكر الإسلامي الشيخ علي الطنطاوي (جهوده و إسهاماتـــه الدعوية والأدبية) https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/61 <p>Sheikh Ali Al-Tantawi is one of the prominent figures of Islamic preachers of the Islamic world and Arab literature in the twentieth century. He is a great Islamic writer and an outstanding jurist, a famous journalist and a peculiar writer. He is a working scholar, who is very humble for everyone, especially in the field of preaching with his wisdom and intellectuality. He is regarded as a mobile encyclopedia and he left a great impact on people and contributed to solving their problems through his writing, letters and speeches. He dealt with issues and problems with his wisdom, moderation, and wonderful style, and explain the rules of Islam and the viewpoint of the diligent scholars of Sharia about issues, rules and fatwas.</p> <p>His efforts encompass the fields of reform in all its legislative, advocacy, jurisprudential, educational, political and social aspects, as well as making Arabic language as respectful, the language of the Holy Qur’an, and confronting its enemies. He had a unique, beautiful, attractive, simple style. He was famous for his broad horizon, his frequent travels, spontaneity and his strong memory, and therefore his judgments are characterized by the character of moderation, far from excess and negligence. He is a star of enlightenment, and he has a prominent role in calling to Allah, guiding people to the path of truth, and reforming society.</p> <p>This article includes an introduction and three themes: the first topic is about his life, the second topic is about his advocacy efforts, and the third is about his scientific and literary efforts.</p> Dr. Robina Naz, Shahab Naimat Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/61 Mon, 06 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 أثر النسخ في الآيات المتعلقة بأحكام الصلوة دراسة مقارنة في ضوء تفاسير [أحكام القرآن للجصاص، مفاتيح الغيب للرازي، الجامع لأحكام القرآن للقرطبي، اللباب في علوم الكتاب لابن عادل] https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/65 <p>The knowledge of Naskh, (Abrogation) is one of the fundamental educational aspects of Islam. Without it, impossible to understand the knowledge of the Holy Quran that is why scholars have confined that interpreter of the Quran should be the master of abrogation. It will help in interpretation and the comparer will have no chance of wrong interpretation.</p> <p>Abrogation has a direct effect on the Ahkaam (provisions/judgments) enforced by Allah Almighty. due to misunderstanding of the abrogation, a huge change could occur in the rules of shariah. There is no compromise in any change in Aqa'id (belief system). The important provision among the provisions of All Almighty Allah is Salah, which has been titled by him as the pillar of Islam.</p> <p>There are abrogated Quranic verses on Salah (prayer) such like Quranic verses about other provisions of Allah Almighty.</p> <p>We have comprehensively studied the abrogated verses from the following 4 books which are considered to be the main theological books of Madhab e Arbaa (four Ahl-us-Sunnah schools of thought).1) Ahkam Al Quran, Al Jasas.2)Mafateeh Al Ghaeib, Al Razi.3)Ahkam Al Quran, Al Qurtabi.4)Al Lubab fi Aloom Al Kitaab, Ibn e Adil</p> Zia Ur Rehman, Dr. Shah Junaid Ahmed Hashmi Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/65 Mon, 20 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 جھود الامام ابن عبد البر القرطبی فی علم القراءات وموقفه من الترجیح بین القراءات (عرض ومقارنة) https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/113 <p>This research work is based on the scholarly work of one the great pillars and intellectual in the field of Hadith and its sciences, namely&nbsp; Hafiz Ibn Abdul-Barr Al-Qurtubi, recognizing the significance of Alqira’at (Methods of recitation), being well versed on this pitch, scholarly writings, dictions presenting and its verification through hadith extraction and authentication with reference to these Qira’at used and applied in the interpretation of different Ahadith or the Prophetic Traditions and identifying the meaning to which they are intended.</p> <p>The texts on the science of Qira’at or the methods of recitations were traced in his book (the preface to the meanings and chain of reporters in Al-Mua’tta), and merely mentioned some examples for the sake of representation, not comprehension, besides attributing each overwhelming method of qiar’at to the respective reciter among the ten leading reciters, subsequently highlighting his opinion in dominating one over the other method and on what ground had it considered to prevail.</p> <p>I outlined his approach in the science of qira’at as well as mentioned criticisms and reproaches of those coming after him among the jurists with regard to the methodology of Ibn-e-Abdul Bar towards the science of qira’at.</p> <p>To the best ofmy knowledge, his struggle in the field of qira’at have not been independently studied, and this research is simply an attempt to highlight his efforts in this regard.</p> Dr. Ibrahim Abdul Rahim, Dr. Abdul Qadir Abdul wahid Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/113 Tue, 07 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 The Role of Women’s Entrepreneurship in Financial Development Under the Islamic Context https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/104 <p><em>Men continue to dominate power structures, education, economics, and travel, while women's roles are largely designated for the home and child-rearing, according to popular belief. But it is a wrong concept. Islam has given equal rights to a man and a woman.&nbsp; A woman can do work like a man to protect her and her children's lives. </em><em>Islam provides a complete set of guidelines for living a good life., that discusses every aspect of human life. It wants that human beings protectively spend their lives. Therefore, it teaches how to earn halal food and prefers earning halal food. Really, if a Muslim acts to please Allah (SWT), it is considered worship of Allah (SWT). As a result, business and religion are inextricably linked. Based on the Holy Quran and Hadith, Islam has its entrepreneurial ethos and guiding principles. This research work aims to elucidate that Islam does not prohibit women from working, participating in business activities, or contributing their worth. Many of the Holy Prophet's (PBUH) women companions were engaged in various business practices that are permitted in Islam. The book of Allah (SWT) i.e., “the Holy Qur'an” and Seerah of Hadrat Muhammad (PBUH) i.e., “Sunnah” encourage people (men and women) to work to earn legal income, implying that women's entrepreneurship is permitted. It's also worth noting that more than 1400 years ago, the Muslim woman was given an opportunity of a job, fulfilling of responsibilities, and fundamental rights of spending her life that most women today, even in the West, do not have. Because of its specific theme, this research paper can be useful and insightful for researchers and scholars.</em></p> Dr. Naseem Akhter, Dr. Zia-ur- Rehman Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/104 Tue, 07 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Transformation in Minarets design at Contemporary Mosque Architecture in Hazara Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/55 <p>Minarets are one of the prominent features of Islamic Architecture among other elements which are in practice in the design of the mosque. It is regarded as an integral part of masjid design. It can be seen in most of the masjids on either a smaller scale or on a monumental scale with the use of innovative design, Techniques, and Materials. In the Hazara division along the historical silk route (Karakoram Highway), the minaret has experienced a visible change in the design, use of material and visual styles. In this paper, prominent minarets having special characteristics like their geometry, detailing, height, materials, aesthetics, workmanship, built in different time periods are selected and analyzed in terms of their general architectural features. Throughout the selected cases are compared to each other and the modifications of forms and functions are studied. Its uniqueness is highlighted with the idea to explore causes for the rapid transformation in the design and outlook of the minarets.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>This study claims that a visible transformation has occurred in the design, techniques, and use of modern materials. And this innovation in the design of minarets is basically in the usage of modern materials and techniques with a formal exploration of mosque design. &nbsp;</p> Ar. Iftikhar Ali, Ar. Mir Wali Shah Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/55 Mon, 20 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Role of Sufi Saints for Spread of Islam and Religious Harmony in Kashmir https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/64 <p><em>The medieval period of Kashmir witnessed a great change in religious history of Kashmir. During this, the introduction of Islam in Kashmir Valley by Sufis Saints resulted in conversion of large scale population into Islam. The Sufi Saints from Central Asia and Persia introduced Islam in Kashmir in practical manners. It was only due to the efforts and devotion of these Sufis, Islam became the religion of masses. The Sufi saints have replaced the whole socio-economic structure of Kashmir.&nbsp; The Sufis were not only the articulators of Islamic Ideology in traditional manners but they practically impress the masses from their moral deeds and character. They introduced a culture of learning which was consists of life skills and manners of society, which impress the people to accept the preaching of Islam. This paper endeavors to highlight the contribution of Sufi saints for spread Islam and conversion of people towards Islam. This is followed by highlighting the contribution of Muslim Sufi Saints for religious harmony, peace in Kashmir Valley, irrespective of religions and cultures. </em></p> Bashir Ahmed Malik Malik, Dr. Raja Nazakat Ali Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/64 Mon, 20 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400 Shari’ah Status of Precautionary Measures against Pandemic Diseases (Before and After the Spread of Disease) https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/93 <p>Islamic Shari’ah promotes the human nature. Every commandment of Islam is easy approachable for its followers physically as well as psychologically. Islam does not advise even a single ritual practice which is harmful for human body. For, one of five basic objectives of Islamic Shari’ah is to save humanity. In normal as well as in some odd situations, Islam teaches different safety measures. In a situation when contagious or pandemic disease outbreaks, Islam advises its followers to adopt the required safety precautionary measures. Trust in Allah is also a primary faith of Islamic Shari’ah but different safety measures have also been introduced by Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). This paper is to highlight the safety measures introduced by Islam. The main objective of this study is to manipulate the Islamic strategy of self-defense in a pandemic disease. The basic research question of this study is, what is the status of precautionary measures against pandemic diseases? A descriptive research method will be used for this study.</p> Mumtaz Ahmed Jasvi, Muhammad Asif Copyright (c) 2021 Hazaraislamicus https://hazaraislamicus.com/index.php/home/article/view/93 Tue, 28 Sep 2021 00:00:00 -0400